Analyzing the Merck Corporation and the River Blindness …

version of Ivermectin, the drug for river blindness? Lets take this question to a positive

Reports on a declaration of intent to eliminate river blindness (onchocerciasis) signed by 13 organizations including the World Health Organization (WHO). Names of other organizations that signed the declaration; Source of river blindness; How the disease is cured.

Reports on a declaration of intent to eliminate river blindness (onchocerciasis) signed by 13 organizations including the World Health Organization (WHO). Names of other organizations that signed the declaration; Source of river blindness; How the disease is cured.

Reports on Merck & Co. Inc.'s agreement to produce and donate whatever quantities of the drug Mectizan that are necessary to eliminate river blindness in developing countries by the year 2007. Prevalence of river blindness in the developing world.

A definition of the term "sowda," which means onchocerciasis or river blindness, is presented.

Does Dr. Roy Vagelos or Merck and Co. have a responsibility to pursue R&D for a human version of Ivermectin, the drug for river blindness? Lets take this question to a positive evaluation. Developing a drug to combat river blindness has potential costs and benefits. Merck discovered an opportunity to treat millions of infected people around the world but knew that the drug would probably never see commercial use. Investing millions of dollars in research plus knowing that the company would not be able to profit from the results did amplified the risk of Merck coming up empty handed. Merck has a long history of being pioneers in the development of major antibiotic compounds, beginning with penicillin and streptomycin in the the1940s (Donaldson page 254). While scientists were encouraging the firm to invest in further research to determine if existing drugs could be adapted for safe use in humans, the outcome was not certain. The company’s decision could potentially have either positive or negative effect on employees’ morale. Allowing scientist to pursue the research could make them feel good about themselves and what they do for society.

Onchocerciasis (river blindness)

Any strategy to break the transmission cycle must begin by focusing on the round, thread-like worm that grows in coils just beneath the skin and forms lumpy nodules throughout the body. Uncoil the worms and they're as long as 14 to 24 inches. And they can live within the human body for about 15 years. (Compare that to the life span of a guinea worm, which lives about one year. The difference in longevity contributes to difficulties in treating and eliminating the river blindness worm.)

Control of Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) in West …

evaluation. Developing a drug to combat river blindness has potential costs and benefits.

Vincent is scared that his children might also contract River Blindness, especially since they help with fetching water from the river. Like many people living in developing countries, Vincent is unable to afford medication.

river blindness Essay - 303 Words

River blindness is an agonizing disease that affects some 18 million impoverished people living in remote villages along the banks of rivers in tropical regions of Africa and Latin America. The disease is caused by a tiny parasitic worm that is passed from person to person by the bite of the black fly which breeds in river waters. The tiny worms burrow under a person's skin where they grow as long as two feet curled up inside ugly round nodules half an inch to an inch in diameter. Inside the nodules the worms reproduce by releasing millions of microscopic offsprings called microfilaria that wriggle their way throughout the body moving beneath the skin, discoloring it as they migrate, and causing lesions and such intense itching that victims sometimes commit suicide. Eventually, the microfilaria invade the eyes and gradually blind the victim.


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Vincent, who lives with his family in a remote village in the DRC knows only too well what it is like to live with River Blindness. He contracted the disease while working by a fast-flowing river for seven years, where the blackflies breed. He said:

Controlling River Blindness (onchocerciasis) in Sub-Saharan Africa-it is 3000 words assignmen,-it must be up to date information and references

...Merck and River Blindness Felicia Wiggins and Julie Helling PHL 323 July 16, 2012 Dr. John Rhome Merck and River Blindness Merck Company researches and develops medications for human and animal use, to improve health and well-being. Merck is a business, driven by fundamental values motivated by a desire to improve human life, accomplish scientific quality, operate with the highest standards of integrity, expand access to Merck products and employ a varied staff that values teamwork (Merck, 2009-2012). The Problem The problem is not the production of a medication that will help thousands of people in the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America from a parasite produced by a small black fly when the person is bit referred to as River Blindness. The problem is whether to produce this medication, ivermectin, which costs several millions dollars for Merck to produce. Merck would never be able to recoup its money because the people who need this drug are small and these people would not be able to purchase the medication. Company scientists encouraged Merck to invest in further research to determine if the medicine ivermectin could be altered to be safe for human consumption when Merck could not realize a profit. Because resources limited, money and time have to go into the research and development of medications that will produce a profit for Merck. This allows Merck to further relieve human suffering and gain a profit to keep continuing to produce medicines. Rare...

Essays - largest database essays on river blindness of quality sample essays and research papers on Short Welcome Speech To The …

River Blindness is the second most common way to go blind due to infection. The infection is spread by blackflies, breeding in fast flowing rivers, which carry a parasite. When they find a human host, the parasites reproduce, spreading millions of larvae through the human body, including the eyes.